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Learn the link between drug abuse and the spread of HIV infection in the United States.
How Many People Have HIV/AIDS?

A young girl sitting in a café is sending a text message about HIV/AIDS to her friendHIV/AIDS has been a global epidemic for more than 30 years. Most of today's youth have never known a world without it.

In 2010, an estimated 47,000 people were diagnosed with HIV and approximately 20 percent of them were aged 13-24, with the highest rate of new infections occurring among those aged 20-24.[*]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 1 in 5 people in the United States who are infected with HIV do not know they are infected.[**]

Although blacks, or African Americans, made up only 12 percent of the population in the 46 states, they accounted for 46 percent of the new HIV diagnoses during 2010.

Diagnosis of HIV Infection by Race/Ethnicity, 2010 - 46 States, American Idian/Alaska Native 1 percent, Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islander <1 percent, Black/African American 46 percent, White 29 percent, Hispanic/Latino 20 percent, Asian 2 percent, Multiple races 1 percent

Based on data from 46 states with long-term, confidential name-based HIV reporting.[***]

* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2010, HIV Surveillance Report, Volume 22 (http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2010report/index.htm).Retrieved June 2012.

** Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, HIV in the United States: Ata A Glance, March 2012. (http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/us.htm). Retrieved June 2012.

*** Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention. HIV Surveillance by Race/Ethnicity (through 2010) (http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/slides/race-ethnicity/index.htm). Retrieved June 2012.

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The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the principal biomedical and behavioral research agency of the United States Government. NIH is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.